Physiotherapy: The Basics
Physiotherapy is primarily defined as a science that strives to improve movement dysfunction, promote optimal health and functions of the human body.
At its core, physiotherapy places human movement as central to health and well-being. Physiotherapy or physical therapy is widely regarded, as the most important rehabilitative service needed in a community, integral to the treatment of most patients.
There are four major physical areas, in which physiotherapy is believed to have a development role, including:
Physiotherapy: A Therapeutic Supplement
The non-invasive preventive, restorative and rehabilitative tools of physiotherapy ensure that the entire treatment modalities followed accomplish the desired results.
The goal of a physiotherapist is to help the patient gradually move to towards an independent life post pharmacologic treatment. He/She identifies and maximizes movement through health promotion, preventive healthcare, treatment and rehabilitation.
A physiotherapist or a physical therapist is qualified to diagnose and treat ailments as per prescribed norms. In fact, at some places in the US and other countries, a physical therapist has full jurisdiction to conduct diagnostic analysis and lay out a treatment plan.
A few areas where physiotherapy brings effective results include:
· Intensive Care
· Women’s health
· Care for the elderly
· Stroke patients
· Mental illness
· Learning difficulties
· Occupational health
· Terminally ill
Moreover, an increasing number of physiotherapists now work outside the hospital settings, in the community where a growing number of them are employees by GP fundholders. Treatment and advice for patients and carers is given in their own homes, nursing homes or day care centers, in schools and in health centers.
Physiotherapy: As a Preventive Measure
Physiotherapy is not only used for existing health conditions, but also as an effective preventive tool. Your physical therapist may recommend treatment in a situation where you could be at a risk of injury from your occupation or activity.
For instance, back strain or repetitive strain injury (RSI) can be optimally prevented, apart from the existing conditions being cured. A physical therapist will actually teach you how to lift and handle heavy objects or how to sit or stand the right way.
Tools of Physiotherapy
A physiotherapist employs a number of diverse techniques, depending on the etiology and extent of the health condition involved. Here we list some of the most important and frequently used tools of physiotherapy:
· Laser therapy
· Hot and cold packs
· Ultra sonic therapy
· Therapeutic Massage
· Relaxed Passive Movements
· Postural drainage