Common back pain causes and treatments

Here we outline some of the various types of back pain, their possible causes and treatment options available.


Condition – Muscle strain/Ligament strains

Cause – Moving too quickly or in awkward positions, forceful movements, causing muscles to tear or sprain

Treatment – Rest, massage and ice to reduce inflammation


Condition – Degenerated Disc

Cause – General wear and tear and excessive repetitive movements, makes discs susceptible to injury

Treatment – Physical therapy rehabilitation, gentle activity, Pilates, minimally invasive pain management procedures and pain relief medication 


Condition – Herniated disc (often referred to as prolapsed disc or even slipped disc)

Cause – Trauma, heavy lifting, bad posture and other factors (including genetics and high BMI)

Treatment – Physical therapy rehabilitation, gentle activity, Pilates, minimally invasive pain procedures and surgery if rehabilitation does not work.


Condition – Osteoarthritis

Cause – Deterioration of cartilage over prolonged period of time

Treatment – Anti-inflammatory medication, physical therapy rehabilitation, exercise, weight control and minimally invasive pain management procedures.


Condition – Fibromyalgia

Cause – Neurological cause including widespread body pain and soft tissue pain

Treatment – Specialist pain physical therapy, gentle graded activity and exercise, healthy non-inflammatory diet stress relief, anti – neuropathic medication, Medicinal Cannabis and infusion therapy.


Condition – Spinal stenosis

Cause – Enlarged joints, thickening ligaments and bony spurs causing narrowing of spinal column

Treatment – Epidurals, facet joint injections, physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medication, surgery.


*If you have any concerns you should always visit your GP, call 111 for advice or a visit a Pain Consultant


If you are suffering from either acute or chronic back pain and would like an assessment at the London Pain Clinic with one of our specialist pain Consultants, please contact us on 0207 118 0250 or email us